A few years ago the answer to this question could cause confusion for electric vehicle drivers.

Fortunately, things are simple now:

In Europe we use Type 2 sockets.

More specifically:

In January 2013, the IEC 62196 Type 2 connector was selected by the European Commission as official charging plug within the European Union. It is also used by countries other than the European Union.

The type 2 connector is sometimes referred as MENNEKES connector.  On the other hand, there are some countries that use a different type of connector. The main alternative is the Type 1 (SAE J1772) which is used in America and Japan. 

For DC charging in Europe we use Combined Charging System CCS2. In America for DC charging needs COMBO1 connector. The  CHAdeMO (Japanese JEVS) connector  is used for DC charging in Japan.

Finally, TESLA vehicles they can charge at both European Type 2/Combo 2 and Type 1/Combo 1 sockets as they are equipped with the corresponding adapters

The photo shows the two types of AC Type 1 and Type 2 receptors as well as the Combo 1 and Combo 2 for DC charging.